My Research about Vimy Ridge

Cause and Consequence: What were the causes and most important aspects of your chosen event related to guiding question? (5Ws)

Who: Canadian, English and French Soldiers, Focusing on Canadian Soldiers

What: Battle of Vimy Ridge

Where: Vimy Ridge, France

When: April 9-12, 1917

Why: To claim Vimy Ridge back from German forces

The most important aspect relating to the guided question that has to do with Vimy Ridge, would have to be becoming more socially autonomous.  After Vimy Ridge it really signified that Canada was a strong powerful force and this wasn’t just on the battle field.  Throughout all of Canada the victory and Vimy Ridge was a truly inspiring moment and something Canadians refer to, to show our endurance.  Not only did it signify we were a force to be reckoned with it, it also showed our tactics and battle strategy is through the roof.  Because of all of this it, Canada became more viewed as more autonomous.

Historical Perspective: How was your researched event viewed by Canadians at the time?  How do you know?

Although taking back Vimy Ridge was highly celebrated by Canadians and a lot of people felt pride over it.  There was a lot of Canadians who lost their loved ones because of their sacrifice for our country.  So while it was a time for celebration it was also a time for mourning.  Vimy Ridge will always be a reminder not only for our impact on the war but also for the ones we lost.

I learned all of this from this article Mr. Morris gave me.  I do not know how to insert it into this post so if you want to read it please ask him.

Continuity and Change: To what extent did this event or idea affect Canadian social, political, or economic norms and values?

It affected the societies values in Canadians the post but because of all the social impact it had on all Canadians it also affected politics.  It affected more of the political side of it when it came down to how we were going to remember all the Canadians that served in the war.  It was highly debated but because of the social impact it had they created a monument for Vimy Ridge.  This then affected the economy because you have to build it.  Due to this battle it affected a lot of the norms and values in Canada.

Historical Significance:  In what ways, specifically, did your event contribute to Canada’s social, political, or economic autonomy? Provide evidence from primary and secondary sourcing.

Due to this battle, Canada became more autonomous in most aspects of the guided question.  I already explained how Canada became more autonomous socially in the first question so please refer back to that.  I explained how Canada became more politically autonomous because of the decision of to when and where and what to build to commemorate the soldiers that served in Canada..  They Canadian government did this on their own accord.

Laurier and Trudeau

Similarities Differences
  • Liberals that became Prime Ministers after long conservative rule
  • Both Laurier and Trudeau believe in sunny ways.
  • Both tend to negotiate by listen to both sides of the story
  • Trudeau and Laurier try their best to protect the minorities and their rights in Canada
  • Both try to protect Canada’s identity as peacekeepers
  • Laurier tries to unite Canada under one single Identity while Trudeau believes more in post nationalism and the fact that Canada has any identities
  • Laurier try to protect Canada more from outside forces while Trudeau works on inside forces
  • Trudeau makes decisions on what he believes in while as Laurier makes decisions that compromise with everyone’s opinions

Sources: 1.4534679

Sir Adam George Archibald

So I believe that we are allowed to do this D.O.L. in different styles.  I chose the one that I like the best, casual. (insert smiley face here)

These three reasons I have listed below are the main factors as to why Sir Adam George Archibald chose to side that Canada should confederate.  The first two had some impact to his decision but the last one was the huge one in his eyes.

Government should be lead by all of Canada.

Sir Archibald liked the fact that if Canada confederated that we would get to decide what went on in our country, how it was run, and how we could affect the outside world.

Trading Purposes.

One of the perks of living in Nova Scotia was that it was full of ships coming in and out to trade.  If Canada confederated the ships would be more regulated and then there would be a stable income for a lot of workers.  Archibald was a businessman and really exceled at the financial part of politics so this was right up in his alley.

Connecting The East to The West with a Railway.

I found this funny.  Before the CPR was proposed, Archibald actually was trying to persuade people to build a railway that connected the Maritimes together.  Needless to say it did not work out, yet when Macdonald came along with this Idea to connect the entire country, from sea to sea, with a railway, Archibald was all for it.  This was the one that really help him side with the confederates.  He was actually the only liberal in Nova Scotia that wanted Canada to confederate.

Well that is all for now until the big roleplay meeting.


In-Depth – The Final Curtain.

As I approach the final ending to this long and beautiful project, I end up with a couple of questions for myself.

  • How do I show people this spectacular and complex sport that is Lacrosse,
  • How much have I really done,
  • and Where do I go from here.

After a lot of thinking over these past 4 months, I have come up with some answers.

The way I will be presenting my learner is with a Learning Center.  I will bring some of my gear to show everyone.  Most importantly, I will be bringing my stick, my gloves and my jersey.  I will set up a mini game for everybody if they choose to participate.  This mini game will involve me teaching them how to throw.  If they want to learn something else, I can also teach them how to cradle the ball in the stick.  I will be bringing extra balls and extra sticks.  I will also be representing my team, Poco Saints, by wearing my teams practice uniforms.

I have done so many things to learn about this sport.  My favourite will be that I actually joined a league.  I have learned so much during actual practices and games.  I found I learned a lot more when I actually got involved in a game.  In my point of view I have done a lot during these past 4 months.

The last question is the one I struggle with the most.  I don’t exactly know where I’ll go from here.  What I do know is that i’ll definitely see it through until the end of the season.  The real question for me is if I will play next year.  Right now I am going to decide later to see if I really want to continue to play this sport.

So that is all.  A month left until the final curtain closes.  A month left until I am finished this project.  This is going to be one amazing month.  And truth be told I am scared and excited for the curtain to close.

When the A stands for “Always a good debate” in John A. Macdonald

Megan Kennedy-Spence

Mr. Morris

Social Studies

When the A stands for “Always a good debate” in John A. Macdonald

    What should you do if the first leader of your country discriminated against the people in our country? John A. Macdonald is a complicated person to study.  He may have had a hand in building this country, but he also damaged it. Now the real question is whether we should have reminders of what he has done, bad and good, or if we should eradicate him from the entire public sphere?  This is the debate that spans from coast to coast. Yet, due to Macdonald’s progressive ideas towards women’s rights and the effectiveness of his ability to keep his promises, Macdonald’s name and likeness should continue to be in the public sphere.

The path to equality with women and men has always been a long and difficult task to accomplish, simply obtaining the right to vote for women was a struggle in itself.  Yet, Macdonald started Canada on this trail of women’s equality fairly early by becoming “the first national leader in the world to attempt to extend the vote to women”(GWYN).  In this time period women’s equality was not something that was not often supported, and to have a Prime Minister that “broke social rules by attending a few meetings of the Salvation Army in Kingston, Ontario,” to support a woman who was in charge of that particular branch of the salvation army, was something that was out of it’s time(GWYN).  In a time where people were usually upset with a women running a Salvation army, to have the Prime Minister openly support it was a huge step in the right direction towards equality between women and men. Hence, since Macdonald actions gave more awareness to women equality and women’s rights, his name and likeness should not be removed from the public sphere.


Although many Canadians are all for removing Macdonald from the public sphere. Justifying themselves that the upbringing of Canadian Pacific Railway(CPR) created the platform that made it possible for Canada’s first political scandal, which surrounded Macdonald.   Yet, when looking back on Macdonald’s mistakes, we seem to forget that this “was not the first time a politician fighting for the life of his government and public policy solicited financial support and it will not be the last” (SYMONS). Yes, while this was a political scandal, it also made it possible for Macdonald to fulfill one of his promises to this country, and that was to connect it from sea to sea.  All that Macdonald was doing was keeping his promises to the people of his country, which proved he was a strong and passionate leader.  Considering this, Macdonald’s name deserves to be remembered.

The argument that the “architect of Indigenous genocide,” should leave or the creator of our country should stay will always be a heavily debated one (BALLINGALL).  Nevertheless, the progressive ideas he created for women’s rights and his understanding of how to best run this country, Macdonald and everything that is related to him shouldn’t be removed from the public eye.  Conclusively, not having Macdonald’s viewpoint on how this country was made will just be forcing us to do every historian’s worst nightmare; we would only be listening to a single story about John A. Macdonald, and that never turns out well.


Waite, P.B. “Pacific Scandal.” The Canadian Encyclopedia,

Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia. “Pacific Scandal.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 19 Jan. 2018,

In-Depth Post #4. Jeez it is happening fast.

Well a lot has happened in regards to my in-depth project over the past 4 weeks.  To get us started I have had evaluations all over spring break.  These were a lot of fun and made me learn a lot.  I also got to learn a bit more about the coaches and introduce myself to the girls that I’ll be playing with.  I have also discovered my strength and weaknesses in how I play.  For example as per most of the sports I play, I am way better at defense then offense.  It is weird but defense always seems to click in my brain easier.  So I didn’t get to meet with my mentor a lot over the break since he went away, but he was at the first couple of assessments and he talked to me afterwards and gave me some helpful tips on what I need to work on.  Since he has gotten back on his vacation we have met up for a meeting once.  This meeting we went over basic offence because I struggle to grasp this concept the most.  I definitely feel more confident with my offense skills but I am still nervous about are first game which is next Friday. Now to switch over to the questions.  While I was reading this weeks criteria thing, I really like the four stages of mentorship.  The more I think about it the more I realize how many of these things I have already covered.

1. What has been my most difficult mentoring challenge so far?  Why?

The most difficult mentoring challenge that I have faced with my mentor have mostly centered around the both of us being really tired when we get to the meeting.  We both have fairly busy schedule and that is making , at least me, really exhausted.

2. What is working well? Why?

The thing that is working really well with my mentor has been the communication.  I have gotten a bit more comfortable and I don’t act nervous anymore.  We also talk about a lot of sports not just lacrosse and of course that lowers down my shields.

3. What could be working better?  How can you make sure this happens?

What could be working better is something I can control by myself.  I want to learn about what all these lacrosse terms mean because I have been a little lost during practice when the coach is explaining a drill and is using lacrosse terms that I do not understand.  This also goes for mentor meetings, I have realized hw clueless about this sport.  I just need to study or remember fast all these different terms that could help me with understanding this sport a little more.

Independant Inquiry

Question: What were the main factors that led to the French losing the Battle of the Plains of Abraham?

Historical Significance: Outline the focus of your inquiry and provide background knowledge.  Why is this an important and significant question to ask about the past? Provide evidence from primary and secondary sources.

The Battle of the Plains of Abraham.  It was a fairly short battle that started with the British army, led by General James Wolfe, climbing up a cliff that started their route on the Plains of Abraham and ended with the French army, who were led by Marquis de Montcalm, retreating.  This important battle led to the retreatment of the French army and the overtaking of Quebec by the British.  But what were the main factors that led to the French losing this historical battle. It was very easy to tell that this battle was not going to go in the favour of the French almost immediately, so what was it about the French attack and defense against the British attack and defense that made this fact so obvious.  Well it had to do with many reasons: Montcalm’s call to not wait for backup and instead go into the battle with only 4500 men, how Wolfe trained his 4500 soldiers specifically for this battle while the French were not very prepared, or it had something to do with how the French fired their ammunition right away from to far for the bullets to reach the impending opposing army.  These were probably the main and most impactful causes to why the French army lost.

Cause and Consequence: Why did your research events happen the way they did and what were the consequences?

These three events impacted the outcome of the battle in huge ways. One of the big ones was the variation of the preparedness for these two opposing armies.  So the two armies both with around 4500 men, yet one has soldiers who are trained for this battle and one with soldiers who are surprised by the attack and in comparison unprepared. The circumstances started out with the French not looking good. Yet this could have been changed. Another key decision that perhaps could have persuaded the outcome of this particular battle would be Montcalm’s decision to proceed to the battle without the advantage of having the upper hand with the amount of people in his army.  Montcalm decided to meet the British right away without the aid of allied forces. If he had waited for backup maybe Canadian history might be written differently but sadly we would never know.  The last of these main three events would have to be the fact that the French fired their muskets way to far out.  The bullets did not stand a chance at hitting their intended target. This greatly affected the French side of this battle for the guns back in this time would take a long time to load.  Because the French had already fired this gave British the upper hand. The could effectively hit their targets because they had the advantage of striking at the right moment. All of these different factors definitely made the battle go in one particular way.

Ethical Judgement: Is what happened right and fair by the values and standards of the time? How about from our current values and standards? Explain.

I think that the Battle was definitely played out fairly by the values of the past and the values of today.  The British used tactics to defeat the French, and due to how the French reacted, in my opinion, rather poorly in comparison to how they could have handed the invading British army.

Social Studies Inquiry Processes: What conclusions can you reach about your question, based on the research you conducted?

Although we will never know for sure the factors that made the French lose, well unless the secrets to time travel are discovered, we can definitely speculate what those factors are.  So even there is many factors that influenced the outcome of the Battle of the plains of Abraham I’ve come to my own conclusion that the biggest contributors to the French losing this significant battle would be due to the difference in armies, the decision to not get backup, and also the decision to start the first volley of attacks from 120 yards away from the first of the British troops.
Also if anybody wants to earn a little more or even have just a quick overview on the battle; I discovered a nice summary of the battle in 3 minute video form.

Canada – In regards to what we are.

1.  Choose an event from Canada’s past or present (social, political, environmental, or economic) and describe / illustrate (show cause and effect) how this event influenced / influences all four of the quadrants. Provide images / primary source evidence where possible.

Through the millions of events that have happened to Canada, there is one that has happened recently that has caused some chaos regarding what Canada values.  This event of course is the release of Canada’s Budget.  The reason why this event is so impactful is because it affects all four quadrants: Political, Social, Economical, and Environmental.  This year’s budget is largely focussed on Women in the workforce.  What this does is it appeals to all the women in the country which take up a huge part in voting so the Politics behind it are trying to reach out to the social aspect of Canada.  Another reason it impacts social is that they are trying to make it the social norm for women to be treated equally in the workplace and the world.  Not only women but also Indigenous people and other minorities.  It affects environmental in the same ways it affects social, because the government is trying to make it the norm in our environment for everyone to be equal.  Another one of the biggest affects this event has is on the economical aspect.  Because this the Canadian budget, it will affect economics in a great way.  Certain areas of the budget have more or less than they did in previous years so that will change how they will affect Canadian economics.  This event has changed Canada in so many ways in so many different areas.

2.  Does your event represent a step towards creating and maintaining a coherent       Canadian identity, or does it move Canada more clearly in the direction of Trudeau’s discussion of a “post national” state?

The one thing that most people agree about Canada is that we are a diverse country.  We are very active in supporting diversity, whether that be LGBTQ+ rights to equal pay for everyone in the workforce, Canada has tried to support everybody’s views.  So if we say that one event has created ONE coherent Canadian identity we are not supporting everybody who lives in Canada, because we all have different views on the world.  We would not be supporting diversity.  Canada is not a post national state because we are, in my opinion, a nation.  What connects us that we are all different.  That is what Canada celebrates and that’s what brings us together.  We can’t be a post national state when we are still a nation.

3.  In your opinion, is there any value in trying to define a specific Canadian identity, or should we abandon this idea towards a more open and global idea of nationhood? Why?

There is really no value in defining what Canada is.  Canada is Canada.  It is a bunch of different people with different experiences and different views on the world, all spread out through 10 provinces and 3 territories, all together under one flag.  The best thing about Canada, again in my own opinion, is that we celebrate diversity.  We celebrate that there is many differences between all of us and that is what brings us together.  We celebrate Canada and whatever we believe it stands for.  There is no point in defining something that is so huge and so vast, you can’t.  So what we can do know is start understanding the world and how we can help to make it a better place.


In-Depth post #4

I only got a chance to meet with my mentor once over the past two weeks.  Unfortunately he went away on a trip for a week and a half.  Luckily we had a chance to meet up Friday night, since we both had practices at the same time.  So we had the chance to meet up afterwards.  During the meeting we reviewed what we did at our last meeting as well as went over some of the rules of the game.

1. What has been my most difficult mentoring challenge so far?  Why?

The most difficult mentoring challenge would be the fact that even though we are talking and getting to know each other, I am still really nervous while talking to him.  This is probably because I am nervous and don’t want to let anybody down.  I think this will only go away with time, I just can’t wait for that day to come.

2. What is working well? Why?

The thing that is working the best would have to be that I am able to understand and pick up on new concepts so I am able to learn more in a short amount of time.  This makes it easier for my mentor to be able to give me more instruction and tips.  Because he is able to give me more advice it will help me when I actually get to playing.

3. What could be working better?  How can you make sure this happens?

What could be working better is our availability to meet up.  Also our communication outside of our meetings.  These two things kind of feed off each other.  I need to start contacting him more so I can do two things.  One: we could start meeting more so that I can become a better player.  Two: I can clarify what I need to bring or what we are learning that day and what we are specifically are doing so that I don’t bring everything.  Just the things I need.

P.S. I learned that my mentor is actually coaching this year.  I also learned that there is going to be two teams in my age group.  They are going to separate them equally.  My mentor is actually one of the coaches.  I really hoping that I end up on his team so that he can help with my play.



Inquiry Question: What is the Story of my family rings.


1. What type of source:  My ring presumably would be a primary source when answering my inquiry question, but it is not.  My ring is not the original family ring so it is only a secondary source.

2. Who created it:  They original ring was created by my aunt Wendy.  My ring was created from a mold to replicate the original.

3. When and where was it produced:  My ring was produced by the people who work at Peoples, the jewelry store.  It was produced during December and early January.


1. What other events or developments were happening when this source was created:  My 16th Birthday was coming up.

2. How might they have influenced the source:  It influenced when the source was made.  Once a girl turns 16 in my family they get a replica of the original ring.


1. What do you notice that is important about the source:  It isn’t dented.  This shows that I take really good care for it.  It is though starting to look a bit more worn out from wearing it a lot.

2. What is interesting:  On my ring there is the saying “For Always” in Spanish

3. What can’t you explain.  The vine design all around the ring.  I don’t know why my aunt chose to do this design, but it looks really nice.

Inferences about Perspective:

1. What groups might the creator have belonged to? Why do you think they made the source: If the ring was analysed or my family was analysed, people might infer that the woman in the Kennedy family are really close since we all wear one.

2. Who was the audience: The intended audience for the first batch of rings, were for my aunt and all her sisters.  Yet as time went by the rings got past down to their daughters.  So me and my cousins are now in the mix.

3. How might the background/values of the creator and audience have influenced this source: They influenced the creation of the rings very much.  My aunt was only discovered her family when she was 20.  So to go 20 years then meet 4 sisters she wanted to make something that represented them being together forever.  That is why she made the rings and why she had “For Always” put on them.

Inferences about inquiry question:

1. What can you learn from examining this source:  That my family is really close and well always be there for each other.

2. Does it help you answer your inquiry question:  It answers my inquiry question a bit.  Not to the fullest extent it could but it covers the basics.

3. Does it confirm, extend, or contradict what you know: It confirms what I know about my family.

4. What further questions do you have:  Why not include the males in family.  And if not what could the males in my family do to have some sort of thing that ties them together.