Question: What were the main factors that led to the French losing the Battle of the Plains of Abraham?
Historical Significance: Outline the focus of your inquiry and provide background knowledge. Why is this an important and significant question to ask about the past? Provide evidence from primary and secondary sources.
The Battle of the Plains of Abraham. It was a fairly short battle that started with the British army, led by General James Wolfe, climbing up a cliff that started their route on the Plains of Abraham and ended with the French army, who were led by Marquis de Montcalm, retreating. This important battle led to the retreatment of the French army and the overtaking of Quebec by the British. But what were the main factors that led to the French losing this historical battle. It was very easy to tell that this battle was not going to go in the favour of the French almost immediately, so what was it about the French attack and defense against the British attack and defense that made this fact so obvious. Well it had to do with many reasons: Montcalm’s call to not wait for backup and instead go into the battle with only 4500 men, how Wolfe trained his 4500 soldiers specifically for this battle while the French were not very prepared, or it had something to do with how the French fired their ammunition right away from to far for the bullets to reach the impending opposing army. These were probably the main and most impactful causes to why the French army lost.
Cause and Consequence: Why did your research events happen the way they did and what were the consequences?
These three events impacted the outcome of the battle in huge ways. One of the big ones was the variation of the preparedness for these two opposing armies. So the two armies both with around 4500 men, yet one has soldiers who are trained for this battle and one with soldiers who are surprised by the attack and in comparison unprepared. The circumstances started out with the French not looking good. Yet this could have been changed. Another key decision that perhaps could have persuaded the outcome of this particular battle would be Montcalm’s decision to proceed to the battle without the advantage of having the upper hand with the amount of people in his army. Montcalm decided to meet the British right away without the aid of allied forces. If he had waited for backup maybe Canadian history might be written differently but sadly we would never know. The last of these main three events would have to be the fact that the French fired their muskets way to far out. The bullets did not stand a chance at hitting their intended target. This greatly affected the French side of this battle for the guns back in this time would take a long time to load. Because the French had already fired this gave British the upper hand. The could effectively hit their targets because they had the advantage of striking at the right moment. All of these different factors definitely made the battle go in one particular way.
Ethical Judgement: Is what happened right and fair by the values and standards of the time? How about from our current values and standards? Explain.
I think that the Battle was definitely played out fairly by the values of the past and the values of today. The British used tactics to defeat the French, and due to how the French reacted, in my opinion, rather poorly in comparison to how they could have handed the invading British army.
Social Studies Inquiry Processes: What conclusions can you reach about your question, based on the research you conducted?
Although we will never know for sure the factors that made the French lose, well unless the secrets to time travel are discovered, we can definitely speculate what those factors are. So even there is many factors that influenced the outcome of the Battle of the plains of Abraham I’ve come to my own conclusion that the biggest contributors to the French losing this significant battle would be due to the difference in armies, the decision to not get backup, and also the decision to start the first volley of attacks from 120 yards away from the first of the British troops.
Also if anybody wants to earn a little more or even have just a quick overview on the battle; I discovered a nice summary of the battle in 3 minute video form.